Apple executives were upset in 2014 when China enacted a new labor law aimed at protecting workers’ rights.
The law requires that no more than 10 percent of the factory’s workforce be temporary workers.
These employees usually enjoy fewer legal benefits and protection than those offered to regular employees, but Apple’s suppliers are increasingly dependent on them in the Chinese job market.
Employees in China are temporarily receiving lower salaries and benefits, and they are becoming more and more popular as interest in factory jobs diminishes.
Apple audited 362 of its suppliers’ factories in China in 2014, and discovered that nearly half of them temporarily exceeded the quota for workers.
80 factories employ temporary workers for more than half of their workforce, according to Apple’s internal presentation.
Apple has asked suppliers to put in place plans to temporarily reduce the use of workers by the deadline in March 2016, when the grace period of the law ends.
However, little progress had been made by the time the law came into effect.
Three former members of Apple’s team in charge of suppliers said the company had not taken any major action against its suppliers for violating labor law due to concerns that this could cause increased costs, a drain on resources and delays in product launches.
And if the allegations are true, they are noteworthy because Apple says: it applies its rules of conduct for suppliers equally across its supply chain, which should prevent these types of violations from occurring.
New data collected by Apple in 2018 shows that the problem persists, and the report says: The Quanta factory to manufacture Apple watches hired 5,000 workers temporarily to raise its workforce to 18,000.
This means that temporary work constitutes about 27 percent of the workforce, higher than the 10 percent limit set by law.
It is noteworthy that this is not the first time that labor laws have been violated, as Apple in 2019 admitted to the problem of temporary workers in its dealings with Foxconn after bypassing it. Legal limit.
Last month, Pegatron violated student labor laws and falsified records to cover up them. Apple responded by placing the company under surveillance, while preventing it from conducting any new business with Apple until the issue was resolved.
An Apple executive acknowledged the problem, and said: We are making it difficult for our suppliers to comply with this law because 10 percent of the temporary workforce is not sufficient to meet the rise in labor demand.